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Forts and Caves
Aguada Fort

Chapora Fort

The Adil Shah of Bijapur on the southern headland of the Chapora River built Chapora fort. It was also known as "Shahpur".  It has a superior view of the Vagator beach and is near to Anjuna beach.

In 1617, the Portuguese built the red laterite bastion, crowning the rocky bluff, on the site of an earlier Muslim structure. Deserted in the 19th century, it lies in ruins today, although the views up and down the coast from the weed-infested ramparts are still superb.

Mormugao Fort

It is located in near the internationally fomous Marmagoa Harbour near Vasco da Gama town. The work of the fort started in 1624, it covers an area of six miles in perimeter and contains towering bulwarks, three magazines, five prisons, a chapel and quarters for the guard. It had 53 guns and a garrison with 4 officers, and was an important fortress on the western coast. Except the chapel and a portion of the boundary it lies in ruins.

Teracol Fort

Situated North of Arambol, the sinuous coast road climbs to the top of a rocky, undulating plateau stands the Fort of Teracol, on the north side of the estuary of the Teracol River.  The fort was used as the a key to defend Goa. Overvalued as one of the state's most atmospheric historic monuments, it turns out to be little more than a down at heel country house recently converted into a low-key luxury hotel.   If you visit the fort, you may get a chance to look around the Chapel of St. Anthony, which is said to have interiors, which are very dim & gloomy as this Chapel is kept locked at other times.

Rachol Fort

During the sixteenth century before the evangelization of Goa, Rachol hill was encircled by an imposing fort, built by the Muslim Bahmani Dynasty that founded the city of Ela (Old Goa). The Hindu Vijayanagars took it from the Sultan of Bijapur in the fifteenth century and was ceded to the Portuguese in 1520 in exchange for military help against the Muslims. Today the stone archways spans the road to the seminary is the only fragments left standing. The seminary itself harbours in Old Goa, main road en route to Loutolim, 4K.M further north.

Reis Magos

Reis Magos fort was erected in 1551 to protect the narrowest point at the mouth of Mandovi estuary. These days the bastion surrounded by sturdy laterite wall studded with typically Portuguese turrets are used as a prison and not open to the public but you can clamp up the steep slope to the ramparts for the view over the river.


Arvalem Caves

Located 9km South of Bicholem Town at Arvalem & 100m away from Sri Rudreshwar Temple and Arvalem waterfall one of the most picturesque site of the town of Arvalem.
These caves are very unique and popular as they take you back in an historic era. These were originated (encarved) in the 5th – 6th Century AD.

They were formerly known as the "Pandavas Caves" as folk tales say that the Pandavas stayed here during their exile. These caves were encarved in the 5th or 6th century AD.

A mythical background is attached to these caves. Some are of the opinion that these caves have been carved by the travelling Buddhist monks. These caves have 5 compartments among which the middlemost compartment holds the 'Linga', which is till today regarded with great respect.

The caves also consists of an inscription written in Sanskrit and Brahmi characters of the 7th century on the Shivalinga with a circular top in cave no. 2. It reads as "Sambalura-vasi Ravih".

The best time to visit these caves is September to October.

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